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The irresistible beauty of butterflies.

~ Zambezi Cruise and Safaris

I have known many specialist photographers in my time. Some so devout in their particular field that it has almost become a religion. I don’t think I ever met one, however, that could resist clicking away at a Butterfly, perfectly posed in a photogenic setting. For me, of course, covering all aspects and sectors of the wildlife world, the temptation is more irresistible still. This even applies with those species of which I already have numerous perfectly satisfactory images. There is a little inner voice that whispers in your ear that, this time, it could result in a centre page spread in the National Geographic!

The above 3 images are of quite large and similarly coloured species.

Always some on the wing.

Unlike many Northern Hemisphere countries, such as Europe and the UK, Zimbabwe’s weather patterns allow a number of Butterfly species to be on the wing anywhen throughout the year. The time of greatest plenty, of course, is towards the end of, and shortly after, the rains. This coincides with the greatest abundance of flowering plants that provide the nectar that most, though not all, Butterfly species depend on.

A quick glance through a Butterfly Field Guide is enough to blow the average mind with beauty. Many a budding Wildlife Photographer started their career as a result of images seen in a book and an imagination fired up as a result of it.

 The above images are of Pansies. One of the more ostentatiously beautiful families of  Zimbabwe Butterfly species.

Benefits of getting closeups

In truth, many of those unbelievably coloured and patterned species, whose images catch the eye, often prove elusive. They can be almost impossible to spot, let alone photograph. I have found, however, that there is a compensation for one’s dashed hopes. Many species, whose depicted images did not exactly leap out of the pages clamouring “Take me. Take me!” prove to be incredibly beautiful in real life. This can be especially so if you can manage to get close-up. Often it is a case of the image or illustration not doing the creature justice due to poor photography or simply a lack of good lighting. There are many very small species which, to the untrained eye, may not seem like Butterflies at all at a distance. I never cease to be amazed at how much colour and patterning many of these can cram into such a small surface area. Unfortunately some pretty good close-up equipment is necessary to do them justice. For those who have that kind of equipment the sky is the limit Butterfly wise in Zimbabwe, as Wikipedia quotes over 527 species recorded from this country.

The above images are of very small species, often frequenting waterside banks. There are a great many very similarly sized species and also very similarly coloured. A good closeup photograph, however, will allow you to identify the, often, significant differences. In the case of the Dotted Blue it shows just how different the top and bottom view of the same insect can be.

Take it how it is.

A common misconception amongst would-be Butterfly Photographers is that the insect needs to be perfectly still, with wings akimbo and in bright light, to obtain the best images. Nothing could be further from the truth. Firstly many Butterflies, even at rest, are seldom “still”. They regulate their body temperature by the surface area they present to the sun and so they are constantly opening and closing their wings to effect this. If you can set your camera to continuous shooting at quite a high speed, say at least 1000th of a sec, then you should be able to extract at least one good shot from your sequence.

This Common Leopard compensated for being neither open nor closed by perching photogenically by the side of a dam.

Don’t wait for the wings to open.

Secondly many species never rest with their wings open but rather with them firmly closed.  A common feature with many Butterflies is that their wing undersides are camouflaged to evade detection when they are vulnerable to predation whilst perching. Unfortunately for Butterflies one of their major roles in the general ecology is to be lunch for something else. They form an important part in the general food chain but you can understand them seeking to delay the “evil day” as long as possible. Hence the extremely intricate camouflage techniques some of them display.

Make the most of it.

Thirdly many species feature pure white areas, especially in the upper wing patterning. In bright light this has the habit of “burning out” unless specific camera settings are used to combat it. In actual fact I prefer slightly cloudy skies without strong direct sunlight but these conditions can inhibit the activity levels of some species. Hey Ho! All life is a compromise and Butterfly Photography is no different!

Subject identification.

Identification can sometimes be a bit of a poser. I would recommend  Field Guides using actual photographic images as opposed to artistic illustrations. Whilst the former may not always be posed at the most photographically advantageous angle they are, nevertheless, easier to relate to your own images. Illustrations are often based on dead or theoretical specimens and may not reflect true colour patterns and tones. In some cases identification is further hindered by the fact that some species are dimorphic. This results in males and females of the same species being completely different in colour and appearance. It is also a great help in identification if you can capture both top and bottom views. As highlighted with the Dotted Blue above, and the Netted Sylph here, both views can significantly different. Some species are almost identical from one view or the other but it is seldom that they are identical on both.

Waiting doesn’t always pay.

We are probably all seeking perfection with our images but, with Wildlife, you may not get a second crack of the whip. Whilst I admire those who wait for the perfect moment, I would prefer to make the most of what I’ve got in front of me, there and then. If the perfect moment comes along during the course of it then “what a pleasure”. If not at least I’ve got something for my trouble as opposed to he who waited. All he probably got was a rear-ender shot as the subject flew away or a perfect image of a perch where a Butterfly was -until quite recently!

A short but useful life.

We have just come through the lean times, butterflywise, here at Pamuzinda and it seems that as each day goes by I see more and more species on the wing. For many varieties this adult stage of the life cycle is of extremely short duration and can last only but a few days. In fact some female Moth species do not even have mouth parts to enable them to feed. The sole purpose of this stage is procreation and they need to survive only long enough to lay eggs. It is then a case of “job done and dusted” and they quietly fade away.

The attached are some of the images I obtained during the latter stages of the “dry season”, and one or two taken since the start of the rains.

Brian Pettit

email “wildlifepics@ntlworld.com”

web “www.naturepicturesworldwide.com”

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